What is the level of China's infrastructure in the world?

China’s infrastructure is [state-led] at a high level, but [private-led] is uneven. And the geographical gap is very large, such as the center-periphery of the city, and the city-rural area, there are quite obvious differences.
First of all, China's [state-led] infrastructure system has two major characteristics:

①Large scale
②High efficiency

The above two points are the foundation of China's outstanding ability in "large-scale key project construction" and leading the world. Of course, the more "large-scale projects", the more determined by "national capabilities" (including financial, material, and human resources) . China has the strongest "national capacity", so it also has an overwhelming advantage in various "large-scale projects" .

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The world's largest new airport-"Beijing Daxing International Airport"

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The highest railway in the world-"Qinghai-Tibet Railway"

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The world’s largest power generation-the "Three Gorges Dam"

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The longest sea-crossing bridge in the world-"Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge"

However, China's infrastructure is not "free of shortcomings". The infrastructures listed above are all "state-led large-scale key projects." Therefore, they have the ability to build these programs with strict indicators. As for the "infrastructure led by civil society" , it is completely another "style of painting."

China's private [infrastructure construction level] is only slightly above the middle in the world. On the whole, there is still a significant gap between the high level of [standardization] [standardization] and [refinement] construction in developed countries.
Therefore, the level of China's infrastructure is far from as advanced, complete and complete as those emphasized by "infrastructure madness propaganda" . In terms of engineering technology, China’s urban construction is better than most third world countries, but there are also a large number of urban villages in some places, especially southern cities. Basically, developed countries have completely transformed or demolished these "dirty, chaotic, and dilapidated" areas.

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Compared with the same areas in developed countries, although these places are also very small, crowded and old, their construction is not "dirty, messy and broken" at all, but reflects a high level of [standards, standards, and finesse] . The most typical representative is also the "Shitamachi" in Japan, which is also equivalent to the Japanese urban village, but it is very [tidy and orderly] .

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In addition, netizens in mainland China once liked to mock Taiwan’s “tin house” and looked down upon Taiwan’s urban construction, thinking that Taipei was nothing more than a second- and third-tier city. But from the actual situation, although Taiwan's urban construction is not as good as those in developed countries, and the infrastructure is relatively old, it is still more [standard, standard, and sophisticated] than that of mainland China, especially for those narrow roads.

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As for the countryside, the gap is even greater.
Although the rural areas of Jiangsu and Zhejiang are almost the same as the [primary developed countries], they are still a minority. However, rural areas in most other areas of China still lack construction to a considerable extent . There is not only [engineering backwardness], but more importantly [functional backwardness]. The necessary infrastructure in the rural areas of developed areas is still a luxury in most rural areas in China. In addition, most of China’s rural areas have not been transformed and developed for a long time because of the special "dual structure." It's not much different from even decades ago, and it's still quite backward. And this backwardness is even worse than many countries whose per capita GDP is lower than that of China.

Most rural areas in China are basically similar to the picture below. (Actually these are considered good)

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Although in 2020, most of the developing countries in the world, their per capita GDP has been surpassed by China, or even far behind. However, these countries are still far higher than China for a long time in history, so both urban and rural areas can obtain sufficient room for development. For example, the per capita GDP of the Philippines in 2020 will be around US$3,000, while that of China will be US$10,000. However, the Philippines developed very early, with a period of sufficient transformation and construction. As a result, many rural infrastructures in the Philippines are more [clean, tidy, and complete] than China.

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Compared with Thailand, there is a similar trend.

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The rural infrastructure in developed countries, whether it is [engineering] or [functional], is far ahead of China's rural areas, especially in Japan. Every rural area in Japan can be as highly [standardized, standardized and refined] as its cities. Whether it’s restaurants, supermarkets, convenience stores and other commercial facilities, or hospitals, schools, banks and other public service facilities, there is no need to worry about convenience.

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Similarly, even for public infrastructure such as bridges, highways, and tunnels, developed countries still have obvious advancements in the [engineering fields] based on these indicators of [standardization, refinement, and standardization]. For example, the construction of these public infrastructures in Japan is highly smooth, fine and uniform, and has basically reached the ultimate level in terms of engineering.

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Therefore, the level of China's infrastructure is definitely not the only one in the "infrastructure madness" propaganda. Of course, this answer is not based on the purpose of "criticizing and discrediting" China's "infrastructure level". More is to clarify the serious reality of the "huge geographical gap" in the level of China's infrastructure development , and to resolve the unwarranted complacency and pride generated by the "infrastructure madness propaganda" so that we can learn from developed countries more practically and modestly. the "advanced engineering" .

In addition, compared with other countries, China's infrastructure has one characteristic, which is also mentioned before, namely [large-scale] and [centralized], but lacks sufficient [density] and [branch].
Taking rail transit as an example, China's railway planning has been a "national chess game" from the very beginning. The "main road" connecting all regions -long-distance railways is developed, but the "capillaries" connecting various regions -short-distance railways are relatively lacking compared to other regions with a complete railway system. Compared with Europe and Japan and other "railroad powers", there is still a significant gap in railway density.

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Shandong Province in China has a population of about 100 million and an area of ​​157,900 square kilometers. The long-distance main roads between the provinces have been basically completed, but the short-distance branch lines are still very scarce.

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Hokkaido, Japan, has a population of only 5 million (5% of Shandong) and an area of ​​83,424 square kilometers (about 50% of Shandong). Such a sparse number of railway stations still far exceeds the population of Shandong, which is a hugely populated province, which shows the completeness of Japan's railway transportation infrastructure.
At the same time, the installation of railway stations in various parts of China also tends to be "centralized" and "large-scale", all of which are presented in a majestic and majestic posture.

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Although Japan also has large central stations such as Tokyo Station and Osaka Station, it is not limited to this. Various fine and complete small stations are also spread all over Japan in urban and rural areas, and all buses are scheduled, which is very convenient.

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4 comments

  1. wind rises wind rises

    Basically, developed countries have completely rebuilt or demolished these "dirty, chaotic, and dilapidated" areas??? I can’t agree.

    1. Explosive Explosive

      The urban villages in the United States are not good either. But the country is too strong in rural areas

  2. Dawn Dawn

    This kind of dirty, chaotic, and run-down place basically exists in slightly larger countries. Whether Italy is a developed country or not, Naples has such a place.

  3. Eat well Eat well

    I really don't understand how people on the Internet who think we are already highly developed have such confidence. Is it all you see? How many people are there in China? I don't know when everyone can make progress on the basis of recognizing the shortcomings.

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